HLTH110 Responding to Emergencies

Department of Health, Physical Education & Nursing: Health

I. Course Number and Title
HLTH110 Responding to Emergencies
II. Number of Credits
3 credits
III. Minimum Number of Instructional Minutes Per Semester
2250 minutes
IV. Prerequisites
None
Corequisites
None
V. Other Pertinent Information
None
VI. Catalog Course Description
This course teaches the principles and applications of first aid and safety so that the student can correctly respond to medical emergencies. Successful completion satisfies the certification requirements for Responding to Emergencies and CPR courses of the American Red Cross. A $5.00 fee is charged by the Red Cross for certification.
VII. Required Course Content and Direction
  1. Learning Goals:

    1. To understand how the Emergency Medical System (EMS) works and the citizen responderís role in the EMS system, including how and when to call EMS personnel.


    2. To understand what happens in the human body if one or more body systems fail to function properly.


    3. To identify the signs and symptoms of breathing emergencies, including choking, and demonstrate how to provide rescue breathing and first aid for choking.


    4. To identify the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and describe how to minimize them.


    5. To recognize the signs and symptoms of a possible heart attack, and describe how to care for someone who is experiencing persistent chest pain.


    6. To identify the signs of cardiac arrest, and demonstrate how to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) until emergency medical personnel arrive.


    7. To identify life-threatening bleeding and demonstrate how to control it.


    8. To identify the signals of shock, and describe how to control it.


    9. To identify the signs and symptoms of sudden illness, including poisoning, bite and stings, and heat and cold emergencies.


    10. To identify the signs and symptoms of various soft tissue and musculoskeletal injuries, and demonstrate how to care for them.
    11. .

    12. To describe when and how to move a victim in an emergency situation.

    This course satisfies the requirements for the BCCC Core Curriculum.

    Core Learning Goals:
    Category I:
      Personal Health: The students will:
      1. develop attitudes, values, and skills which promote physical and emotional well-being to extend over the course of their lives.

    Core Learning Objectives:
    Category I:
      Personal Health: The students will be able to:
      1. recognize the components of wellness, exercise, and diet that contribute to life long physical, and mental wellness. (1)
      2. practice wise choices regarding exercise and diet. (1)
      3. apply appropriate skills to manage stress and anxiety in order to maintain holistic health. (1)
      4. describe the links between behavior and health over the course of a life time. (1)

    Category III:
      Critical Thinking and Problem Solving: The student will be able to:
      1. integrate and /or combine knowledge from multiple sources to create new knowledge.
      2. reason from what they know to form new knowledge, draw conclusions, solve problems, explain , decide, and /or predict. (Inductive and/or Deductive Reasoning Skills)
  2. Planned Sequence of Topics and/or Learning Activities:

    1. Introduction
      1. The citizen responder and the EMS
        1. Recognizing emergencies
        2. Deciding to act and taking action

    2. Assessment
      1. Body Systems
        1. Body cavities
        2. Interrelationships of body systems
      2. Checking the Victim
        1. Checking for life-threatening conditions
        2. Checking an unconscious victim
        3. Checking a conscious victim
        4. Checking infants and children

    3. Life-Threatening Emergencies
      1. Breathing Emergencies
        1. The breathing process
        2. Respiratory distress
        3. Respiratory arrest
        4. Choking
      2. Cardiac Emergencies
        1. Heart attack
        2. Cardiac arrest
        3. CPR for adults
        4. Cardiac emergencies in children and infants
        5. CPR for children and infants
        6. Preventing cardiovascular disease
      3. Bleeding
        1. Blood and blood vessels
        2. When bleeding occurs
      4. Shock
        1. Types of shock
        2. Signs and symptoms of shock
        3. Shock care

    4. Injuries
      1. Soft Tissue Injuries
        1. Types of soft tissue injuries
        2. Infection
        3. Dressings and bandages
        4. Care for open and closed wounds
        5. Burns and their care
      2. Musculoskeletal Injuries
        1. The musculoskeletal system
        2. Injuries to the musculoskeletal system
        3. Considerations for transporting a victim
      3. Injuries to the Extremities
        1. Immobilizing extremity injuries
        2. Signs and symptoms of serious extremity injuries
        3. Upper extremity injuries
        4. Lower extremity injuries
      4. Injuries to the Head, Neck, and Back
        1. Recognizing serious head, neck, and back injuries
        2. Indications of head, neck, and back injuries
        3. General care for head, neck, and back injuries
        4. Lower back injuries
        5. Preventing head and spine injury
      5. Injuries to the Chest, Abdomen, and Pelvis
        1. Recognizing serious chest, abdomen, and pelvis injuries
        2. Indications of chest, abdomen, and pelvis injuries
        3. General care for chest, abdomen, and pelvis injuries

    5. Medical Emergencies
      1. Sudden Illness
        1. Specific sudden illnesses
        2. General care for fainting victim
        3. Care for diabetic emergencies
        4. Care for victim having a seizure
        5. Care for stroke victim
      2. Poisoning
        1. How poisons enter the body
        2. Signs and symptoms of poisoning
        3. Poison control centers
        4. Care for poisoning
        5. Anaphylaxis
        6. Preventing poisoning
      3. Bites and Stings
        1. Signs and symptoms of common bites and stings
        2. Care for specific bites and stings
        3. Preventing bites and stings
      4. Substance Misuse and Abuse
        1. Effects of misuse and abuse
        2. Forms of substance misuse and abuse
        3. Misused and abused substances
        4. Signs and symptoms of substance misuse and abuse
        5. Care for substance misuse and abuse
        6. Preventing substance misuse and abuse
      5. Heat and Cold Exposure
        1. How body temperature is controlled
        2. Heat emergencies
        3. Cold emergencies
        4. Preventing heat and cold emergencies

    6. Special Situations
      1. Reaching and Moving Victims
        1. Reaching and moving victims on land
        2. Reaching and moving victims in the water
      2. Childbirth
        1. Pregnancy
        2. The birth process
        3. Preparing for delivery
        4. Assisting with delivery
        5. Caring for the newborn and mother
        6. Special situations and complications
  3. Assessment Methods for Core Learning Goals:

  4. Reference, Resource, or Learning Materials to be used by Students:

    Department selected textbook or handouts provided. Details provided in the course format, which is created by the instructor and distributed to each student on enrollment and class attendance.
VIII. Teaching Methods Employed
The class period is divided between lectures on the cognitive aspects of the subject matter and supervised practical skill drills. Some portions of the class are dedicated to student presentations.

Review/Approval Date - 12/03; Core Goals/Objectives added 6/04