Concepts of Learning
Applications for Effective Learning
Concepts of Learning Knowing Yourself as a Learner: [Get More Details]
- Know how you learn best and adapt the study strategies that work best for you.
- Choose the best learning strategy for the task at hand.
- Monitor your understanding and progress as you go along.
- Adjust strategies when appropriate.
- Websites on learning styles, metacognition (knowing how you know) and learning disabilities.
- Find out more about the Study Skills Course.
Getting the Big Picture & Dealing with Details: [Get More Details]
- Read the course syllabus for an overview of the course.
- Preview the whole text to get an overview of course content.
- Outline (Cornell notes) or map each chapter before you read in detail or go to class.
- Read/listen for the introduction and summary.
- Review your outlines or maps before tests.
- Preview the test before starting, then plan your strategy.
Breaking Tasks into Meaningful Chunks: [Get More Details]
- Break up study into 45 minute to 1 hour chunks.
- Break up reading or study by units of information ( i.e., chapters or topics).
- Label information in text books and in your notes.
- Connect new information to maps or outlines to keep it connected with other related information.
- Look for relationships-- i.e., categories, cause-effect, similarities/differences, etc. Use cognitive questions and visual organizers to assist understanding and memory.
- Study by reviewing main ideas and details from flash cards and Cornell notes.
Questioning and Using Cognitive Structures: [Get More Details]
- Determine your purpose for reading or for the task.
- Ask, "What do I already know about this task or subject?"
- Use questions at the end of the chapter or develop questions from headings to focus on important information as you read.
- Monitor your understanding as you read or listen to lectures.
- Use questions at all cognitive levels to help yourself process and remember information.
- Ask: "Does this answer make sense?"
- Ask for help if you need it.
Memory and the Importance of Review: [Get More Details]
- "Use it, or lose it". Go over material frequently.
- Focus on the material and information that is most important.
- Use index cards and maps or Cornell notes for quick, convenient review.
- Analyze past tests to improve your test-taking skills.
- Use mnemonic devices to assist memory of important information.