Grammar Aid

TO ADD AN IDEA TO ONE ALREADY STATED:

  • again
  • also
  • besides
  • equally important
  • further/furthermore
  • in addition
  • in the same
  • fashion
  • likewise
  • moreover
  • next
  • second
  • still
  • too

TO LIMIT OR CONTRADICT SOMETHING ALREADY SAID:

  • although
  • at the same time  
  • despite
  • even so
  • even though
  • for all that
  • however
  • in contrast
  • in spite of
  • nevertheless
  • on the contrary
  • on the other hand
  •  not withstanding  
  • otherwise
  • regardless
  • still
  • though
  • yet 

TO SHOW A TIME OR PLACE ARRANGEMENT OF YOUR IDEAS:

  • adjacent to
  • after a while
  • as long as
  • at last
  • at length
  • at that time
  • at this point
  • before
  • below
  • earlier
  • eventually
  • farther on
  • finally
  • first
  • formerly
  • here
  • immediately
  • in the meantime
  • in the past
  • lately
  • later
  • meanwhile
  • near
  • nearby
  • next
  • now afterward
  • on the other side
  • opposite to 
  • presently
  • second
  • shortly
  • simultaneously
  • since
  • so far
  • soon
  • sooner or later
  • subsequently
  • then
  • there
  • thereafter
  • to the left, right
  • until
  • until now
  • when

TO EXEMPLIFY SOME IDEA OR TO SUM UP WHAT YOU HAVE SAID:

  • all in all
  • altogether
  • as a result
  • as has been said
  • as I have said
  • differently
  • for example
  • for instance
  • in any case
  • in any event
  • in brief
  • in conclusion
  • in fact
  • in other words
  • in particular
  • in short
  • in simpler terms
  • in summary
  • on the whole
  • that is
  • therefore
  • to put it 
  • to sum up
  • to summarize

TO SHOW CAUSE AND EFFECT:

  • accordingly
  • as a result
  • because
  • consequently
  • for this purpose
  • hence
  • otherwise
  • since
  • then
  • therefore
  • thereupon
  • thus
  • to this end
  • with this object

TO SHOW REFERENCE:

  • the following
  • the former
  • the latter

TO SHOW MOVEMENT FROM THE GENERAL TO THE SPECIFIC:

  • especially
  • for example
  • for instance
  • in fact

TO COMPARE:

  • in the same way   
  • likewise
  • similarly
 

JOIN INDEPENDENT CLAUSES:

Coordinating Conjunctives Conjunctive Adverbs
  • , and
  • , but     
  • , for     
  • , nor       
  • , or
  • , so     
  • , yet     
  • ; accordingly ,
  • ; also ,
  • ; anyway ,
  • ; besides , 
  • ; certainly ,
  • ; consequently ,
  • ; finally ,
  • ; further ,
  • ; furthermore ,
  • ; hence ,
  • ; however ,
  • ; incidentally ,
  • ; indeed ,
  • ; instead ,
  • ; likewise , 
  • ; meanwhile ,
  • ; moreover , 
  • ; namely ,
  • ; nevertheless , 
  • ; next ,
  • ; nonetheless ,
  • ; now ,
  • ; otherwise ,
  • ; similarly ,
  • ; then ,
  • ; thereafter ,
  • ; therefore ,
  • ; thus ,
  • ; undoubtedly ,
  • ; still ,

INTRODUCE DEPENDENT CLAUSES:

Subordinating Conjuctions
[adverb and noun clauses]
Relavtive Pronouns
[adjective and noun clauses]
  • after
  • although
  • as
  • as if
  • as if
  • as soon as
  • as though
  • because
  • before
  • even if
  • even though
  • how
  • if
  • in order that
  • once
  • rather than
  • since
  • so that
  • than
  • that
  • though
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • where
  • whereas
  • wherever
  • whether
  • while
  • that
  • what
  • whatever
  • when
  • where
  • which
  • whichever
  • who
  • whoever
  • whom
  • whomever
  • whose
  • why

CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS:

  • both…and
  • either… or
  • neither…nor
  • not only…but also
 

PARENTHETICAL EXPRESSIONS:

 
  • as a matter of fact
  • consequently
  • however
  • in the first place
  • incidentally
  • namely
  • nevertheless
  • of course
  • therefore
  • thus
  • to tell the truth

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS:

  • all
  • any
  • anybody
  • anyone
  • anything
  • each
  • everybody
  • everyone
  • everything
  • neither
  • no one
  • nobody
  • none
  • one
  • some
  • somebody
  • someone
  • something