Allegory: A narrative in which the characters and actions represent general concepts or moral qualities.
Alliteration: A series of words beginning with the same sound, as in "fifty fearless fighters."
Ballad: A narrative song.
Blank Verse: Iambic pentameter without rhyme.
Cliché: An expression which has been employed so often that is over familiar.
Drama: A serious play of human conflict.
Elegy: A formal poem lamenting about the dead.
Epic: A long narrative poem about the deeds of a hero.
Epigram: A brief pointed poem.
Euphemism: Soft words masking a hard reality, as "he passed away" to relate death.
Free Verse: Verse lacking the discipline of meter.
Genre: Type of style or subject.
Hyperbole: Exaggeration used for striking effect, like "as soft as the wind."
Irony: The meaning is opposite to the literal meaning of the words.
Melodrama: A play which suspends the audience through action and tension but contains the conventional "happy ending."
Meter: The number of stressed syllables in a line of verse; pentameter has five feet or stresses
Ode: A lyrical poem of high emotions.
Prose: The ordinary language of speaking or writing, without the regular patterns of poetry.
Realism: Writing conveying a sense of everyday life.
Romanticism: Writing that that creates an ideal or fanciful world.
Sarcasm: Caustic words for the purpose of wounding another.
Satire: An attack on a person, custom, or institution, holding it up to ridicule or scorn by means of criticism and wit.
Sonnet: A poem with fourteen lines of iambic pentameter.
Symbol: Something used to represent something else, as a bulldog for tenacity.
Tragedy: A play in which the hero’s faults lead to catastrophe.