PHED155 Lifeguarding

Department of Health, Physical Education & Nursing: Physical Education

I. Course Number and Title
PHED155 Lifeguarding
II. Number of Credits
2 credits
III. Minimum Number of Instructional Minutes Per Semester
2250 minutes
IV. Prerequisites
Must be 15 years of age, able to swim 500 yards, retrieve an object from under 10 feet of water and tread water for 2 minutes, no hands
Corequisites
None
V. Other Pertinent Information
This course fulfills a Personal Health Requirement in Category I: Essential Skills and Perspectives and the Category III requirements of the Core Curriculum at Bucks County Community College for Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving and Responsible Citizenship.
VI. Catalog Course Description
This course satisfies the transfer requirements for Physical Education majors. It is designed to meet all American Red Cross requirements. Students will receive certification in lifeguarding, first aid, and other appropriate certifications. Basic concepts of exercise physiology and nutrition will be presented.
VII. Required Course Content and Direction
  1. Learning Goals:

    1. The student will learn that lifelong wellness is achieved and sustained by practicing habits that include regular physical exercise, and proper nutrition.


    2. Lifeguard training will help the student learn the appropriate responses to swimming emergencies.


    3. The student will become more water safety conscious and he will learn first aid procedures and techniques in CPR respiratory emergencies.


    4. The student will learn valid concepts of exercise physiology and how to apply them to a chosen activity.


    5. The student will learn valid concepts of nutrition and how to apply them to his own diet.


    6. The student will learn to develop a personal exercise program in lifeguarding utilizing valid concepts of exercise.


    7. The student will be expected to critically review current training literature for the sport of lifeguarding and learn how to change his/her training, if necessary, to conform to new and scientifically valid concepts.


    8. The student will be expected to demonstrate an accurate knowledge of water rescues and swimming area safety management.


    9. The student will learn and be able to demonstrate cardiopulmonary resuscitation.


    10. The student will learn to demonstrate life threatening first aid procedures and non-life threatening first aid procedures.


    11. The student will become knowledgeable in the emergency medical system and learn how and when to activate the system.


    12. The student will learn the three leading causes of death in the U.S.A.


    13. The student will learn how to reduce the cause of death due to a heart attack.


    14. The student will learn CPR and choking maneuvers.


    15. The student will learn to understand the skills and knowledge needed to save a victim of cardiac arrest.

    This course satisfies the requirements for the BCCC Core Curriculum.

    Core Learning Goals:
    Category I:
      Personal Health: The students will:

      1. develop attitudes, values, and skills which promote physical and emotional well-being to extend over the course of their lives.

    Core Learning Objectives:
    Category I:
      Personal Health: The students will be able to:

      1. recognize the components of wellness, exercise, and diet that contribute to life long physical, and mental wellness. (1)
      2. practice wise choices regarding exercise and diet. (1)
      3. apply appropriate skills to manage stress and anxiety in order to maintain holistic health. (1)
      4. describe the links between behavior and health over the course of a lifetime. (1)

    Category III:
      Critical Thinking and Problem Solving: The student will be able to:

      1. integrate and /or combine knowledge from multiple sources to create new knowledge.
      2. reason from what they know to form new knowledge, draw conclusions, solve problems, explain, decide, and /or predict. (Inductive and/or Deductive Reasoning Skills)

      Responsible Citizenship: The student will be able to:

      1. demonstrate an understanding of major ethnical concerns.
      2. demonstrate familiarity with contemporary environmental issues.
      3. identify the effects of a personís actions on the community.
  2. Planned Sequence of Topics and/or Learning Activities:

    1. Basic Physiology of Exercise
      1. Principles of warm-up, stretching and cool down
      2. Basic anatomy of muscles and joints
        1. Fiber type
        2. Ligament
        3. Tendon
      3. Muscular Contractions: Isotonic, Isometric, and Isokenetic
        1. Anaerobic
        2. Aerobic

    2. Applied Physiology of Exercise
      1. Principles of an exercise prescriptions
        1. Fiber type
        2. Ligament
        3. Tendon
      2. Physiological effects of regular anaerobic exercise
      3. Physiological effects of regular aerobic exercise
      4. Cross training and how a variety of activities contribute to cardiovascular and total fitness.

    3. The role of diet and nutrition - What is a quality diet?
      1. Weight management and body composition
      2. Cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis
      3. Heat balance, fluid, and electrolyte consumption
      4. Role of the nutrients in energy metabolism
      5. Relationship among stress, diet, and exercise

    4. Concepts of recuperation, positive adaptation and deconditioning
      1. Immediate and correct care of athletic injuries
      2. Evaluation of fitness progress and self-testing

    5. How to critically review the correct literature in the areas of nutrition and physiology of exercise


    6. Basic Concepts of Lifeguarding


    7. Preventive Lifeguarding


    8. Pre Employment Orientation and In-Service Training


    9. Communication Systems


    10. Health and Sanitation


    11. Special Situations
      1. Hypothermia
      2. Heat Emergencies
      3. Seizures

    12. Personal and Safety Equipment


    13. Spinal Injuries
      1. Spinal Injury Management

    14. Search and Recovery - Weather and Environmental Conditions


    15. The student will learn to understand the life guards role as part of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) System and:
      1. How to Deal with an Emergency
      2. What to do when Breathing Stops
      3. Choking
      4. What to do for a Heart Attack
      5. CPR
      6. Strokes
      7. EMS

    16. The student will learn skills and techniques of first aid and the proper sequence to follow in emergency situations.
      1. The student will learn to treat:
        1. Bleeding
        2. Bleeding and Shock Control
        3. Internal Bleeding
        4. Shock
        5. Burns
        6. Eye and Nose Injuries
        7. Bites and Stings
        8. Fractures, Dislocations, Sprains, and Strains
        9. Poisoning
        10. Absorbed poisons
        11. Injected poisons
        12. Diabetic Emergencies
        13. Rescues
  3. Assessment Methods for Core Learning Goals:

  4. Reference, Resource, or Learning Materials to be used by Students:

    American Red Cross Lifeguarding Today
      by American Red Cross, Washington D.C.

    CPR For the Professional Rescuer
      by American Red Cross, Washington D.C.

    Audio Visuals
      Emergency Aquatic Skills #329331
      Spinal Injury Management #329328
      Snorkeling Skills and Rescue Techniques #321648
      Preventive Lifegaurding #321655

    Optional Videos
      Drowning Facts & Myths
      On Drowning
      The Reasons People Drown
VIII. Teaching Methods Employed
Classroom lectures, demonstrations, and student participation in first aid and CPR. Class periods in the pool are divided into mini lectures, and practice time. Some portion of the class is dedicated to student presentation.

Review/Approval Date - 4/99