CHEM220 Survey of Organic Chemistry
Department of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics: Chemistry
- I. Course Number and Title
- CHEM220 Survey of Organic Chemistry
- II. Number of Credits
- 5 credits
- III. Number of Instructional Minutes
- IV. Prerequisites
- CHEM101 (B or better), or CHEM121 (C or better), or a grade of C or better in both CHEM101 and CHEM102
- V. Other Pertinent Information
- Three-hour lecture, one-hour laboratory discussion, and three-hour laboratory per week. Safety glasses or goggles required.
- VI. Catalog Course Description
- The structure, synthesis, and reactivity of mono- and poly-functional carbon containing compounds are covered in one semester in this lecture and laboratory course. The laboratory stresses one-step synthesis using a variety of organic laboratory techniques.
- VII. Required Course Content and Direction
Survey of Organic Chemistry is an intermediate level organic chemistry course. It is meant for the student interested in biological, medical, or chemical laboratory technology. It also fulfills the requirements of some BA programs in nursing, physical therapy, environmental chemistry, and chiropractic schools.
As one of the Natural Sciences, chemistry has evolved out of careful observation and experimentation; as technology evolves, so does the body of chemical knowledge. This course will integrate important technological advances and their impact in the formulation of chemical principles and their applications. Furthermore, the laboratory component of the course will help to illustrate and apply some of these technological advances.
CHEM 220 is taught using a descriptive, non-mathematical, non-mechanistic approach. The student entering this course should have a strong background in atomic structure, chemical bonding and chemical forces, as well as in chemical equations and stoichiometry.
The study of the most important groups of carbon-containing compounds (alcohols, alkyl halides, acids, amines, amides, aldehydes, ketones, aromatic compounds, and others) is undertaken. This study covers their structure, nomenclature, preparation, and reactions. The uses and biological applications of the most important organic compounds are discussed.
In the laboratory part of this course, an analytical approach to functional group identification will be used, both with test-tube chemistry and with spectroscopy (mainly IR). Synthetic organic chemistry will be represented by one-step type reactions, and product separation and identification will be stressed using chromatographic techniques, as well as other routinely used separation techniques, such as crystallization and distillation.
Course Learning Goals
- analyze the structure of an organic compound by recognizing main functional groups, naming the compound using the IUPAC system, and predicting its properties using the type of bonding, hybridization state, intermolecular forces, and stereochemistry;
- recognize the structure of complex organic compounds, such as DNA, sugars, and proteins through a knowledge of their basic building blocks, such as acids, amines, and alcohols;
- predict the properties of different classes of organic compounds by using texts and handbooks of chemistry; and
- demonstrate proficiency in organic laboratory skills as they pertain to: chemical information, safe handling, use and disposal of organic compounds, synthetic procedures, including isolation, purification, and structure elucidation of obtained products; stoichiometry and use of instrumentation; and writing of laboratory notebooks and reports in accordance with current scientific journals styles.
Planned Sequence of Topics and/or Learning Activities
- Organic Chemistry, the Compounds of Carbon: Electronic Structure, Bonding, Functional Groups, and Structural Isomerism
- Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Structure, Nomenclature, IUPAC System, Isomerism, Properties, Reactions, and Sources
- Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Structure, Nomenclature, Cis-trans Isomerism, and Reactions
- Alcohols, Ethers, Thiols and Phenols: Structure, Nomenclature, Properties, and Reactions
- Amines: Structure, Properties, and Reactions
- Aldehydes and Ketones: Structure, Nomenclature, Properties, and Reactions
- Carboxylic Acids: Structure, Nomenclature, Properties, Preparation, and Reactions
- Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, Properties of Esters, Anhydrides, Amides: Preparation and Reactions
- Optical Isomerism: Chirality and Optical Isomerism, Prediction and Detection in the Laboratory
- Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Oligosaccharides
- Lipids: Fats and Oils, Soaps and Detergents, Biological Membranes, Vitamins, and Steroids
- Amino Acids and Proteins: Acid-Base Properties, Primary Structure of Polypeptides and Proteins
While specific laboratory experiments vary depending on the instructor and the semester, the following list is representative of the experiments that are used:
- Introduction: Laboratory Equipment
- Laboratory Safety and Waste Disposal
- Melting Point Determinations
- Boiling Point Determinations
- Preparation of Alkenes from Alcohols: Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol
- Oxidation: Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexanone to Adipic Acid
- Preparation of Acetylsalicylic Acid
- Esterification: Preparation of Methyl Benzoate
- Reactions of Amines
Instruction aims to enable the student to:
- predict products for some of the most important organic chemical reactions;
- synthesize several classes of organic compounds in the laboratory that were previously studied in the lecture;
- write preparation reactions for important classes of compounds, such as acids and amines;
- construct 3-dimensional models of all the classes of organic compounds;
- learn to use some basic laboratory equipment and to interpret the results of instrumental studies and wet laboratory techniques;
- name different classes of organic compounds by the IUPAC system; and
- use appropriate current technology in the laboratory to obtain data and understand the impact that this recent technology has on the field.
Assessment Methods for Course Learning GoalsCourse learning goals are continuously assessed by periodic written examinations, class exercises, laboratory preparation, laboratory results, laboratory reports, and assigned work.
Reference, Resource, or Learning Materials to be used by Student:Students will use the approved text, laboratory modules and handouts, laboratory and demonstration equipment, the library, science learning center, and computer programs. Please refer to the course syllabus for specific information.
Review/Approval Date - 2/99; Revised 6/08; New Core 8/2015