CHEM102 Chemistry B

Department of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics: Chemistry

I. Course Number and Title
CHEM102 Chemistry B
II. Number of Credits
4 credits
III. Number of Instructional Minutes
4500
IV. Prerequisites
CHEM101 (C or better) or CHEM121 (C or better)
Corequisites
None
V. Other Pertinent Information
Three-hour lecture, one-hour lab discussion/recitation, two-hour lab perweek. Safety glasses or goggles required.
VI. Catalog Course Description
In this lecture and laboratory course the chemical principles covered in a qualitative manner in Chemistry A (CHEM101) are reviewed quantitatively. The study of important topics in Organic and Biological Chemistry is enhanced. Polymer Chemistry and Industrial Syntheses are introduced.
VII. Required Course Content and Direction

Chemistry B is designed to serve as a second semester general chemistry course for the non-science major. The chemical principles covered in Chemistry A (CHEM101) were dealt with largely in a qualitative manner. Chemistry B will cover some selected areas of this material in a quantitative manner, but not in as much detail as General Chemistry for science majors. Chemistry B will also amplify many of the Organic and Biochemical areas discussed in Chemistry A to help the students understand the application of chemical concepts learned in Chemistry A to biological systems.

As one of the Natural Sciences, chemistry has evolved out of careful observation and experimentation; as technology evolves, so does the body of chemical knowledge. This course will integrate relevant technological advances and their impact in the formulation of chemical principles and their applications. Furthermore, the laboratory component of the course will help to illustrate and apply some of these technological advances.

The topics include the use of quantitative measurements in chemical equations, understanding of equilibrium concepts, and a quantitative review of solution chemistry and acid-base theory. The study of organic compounds introduces the general preparation and properties of the major classes of functional groups. Structure and characteristics of the organic compounds that constitute the biomass (lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, etc.), with an emphasis on their metabolic fate will be included. Polymer chemistry and industrial chemistry are also studied.

  1. Course Learning Goals

    Students will:

    1. demonstrate basic problem solving skills dealing with quantitative measurements generally used in chemical, medical and biological laboratories;
    2. discuss matter and transformations of matter, including states of matter, chemical reactions, balancing chemical equations, chemical bonding, intermolecular forces, acids and bases, oxidation reduction reactions, chemical equilibrium;
    3. identify the major classes of functional groups in organic chemistry and their critical role in biological systems (as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, etc.) and their reactions as related to metabolism;
    4. demonstrate proficiency in laboratory skills as they pertain to: chemical information, safe handling, use and disposal of organic compounds; synthetic procedures; and stoichiometry; and
    5. recognize the industrial processes required for the preparation of some compounds such as ammonia or sulfuric acid.
  2. Planned Sequence of Topics and/or Learning Activities

    Course Outline:

    1. REVIEW OF CHEMISTRY A
      1. Atom
        1. Atomic Structure
        2. Electron Structure
      2. Ionic and Molecular Compounds
      3. In-Depth Study of Chemical Problems Related to:
        1. Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
        2. Kinetics and Equilibrium
        3. Solutions
        4. Acids and Bases
      4. Simple Redox Reactions and Oxidation Numbered (not covered in Chemistry A)
    2. ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
      1. Introduction to Organic Chemistry
        1. Nomenclature
        2. Functional Groups
        3. Structure, Isomerism, and Bonding
      2. General Preparation and Properties of:
        1. Hydrocarbons (including polymers)
        2. Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Related Compounds
        3. Amines
        4. Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives (including polymers)
      3. Classification and General Properties of:
        1. Carbohydrates
        2. Lipids
        3. Amino Acids and Proteins
      4. Nucleic Acids (chemical composition of DNA)
      5. Metabolism Survey
        1. ATP and Energy Transfer
        2. Anabolism, and Catabolism of the Main Biomolecules
    3. INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY (SYNTHESIS AND USES)
      1. Methods for Preparing Chemicals of Industrial Importance
        1. Ammonia
        2. Sulfuric Acid
        3. Coal Gas and Petroleum: production and uses

    Laboratory Experiments:
    While specific laboratory experiments vary depending on the instructor and the semester, the following list is representative of the experiments that are used:

    1. Safety and Good Laboratory Practices
    2. Stoichiometry: Preparation of Chalk
    3. Equilibrium
    4. Melting Points of Pure Compounds and Mixtures
    5. Titration of Buffer Solutions
    6. Alkenes from Plants
    7. Vitamin C in Fruit Juice
    8. Isolation of Casein from Milk
    9. Enzymatic Digestion of Lactose
    10. Carbohydrate Content of Bananas

    Learning Activities:
    Instruction aims to enable the student to:

    1. quantitatively determine relationships in chemical reactions;
    2. quantitatively determine energy changes in chemical reactions;
    3. use chemical nomenclature for both inorganic and organic compounds ( in more detail than in Chemistry A);
    4. understand a few simple oxidation/reduction chemical reactions;
    5. describe the difference between the various types of chemical bonds and the predicted physical properties of each type of bond;
    6. understand and quantify the phenomena of dissolving one material into another;
    7. discuss in a cursory manner the subject of buffers;
    8. describe lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates from the viewpoints of chemical structure and of metabolic fate;
    9. describe aromatic compounds (benzene) in a cursory manner. (Note: Aromatic compounds were not discussed in Chemistry A);
    10. recognize functional groups such as ethers, aldehydes and ketones (which were not completely covered in Chemistry A);
    11. identify organo-halogen, sulfur and nitrogen compounds (which were not mentioned in Chemistry A);
    12. describe an enzymatic system;
    13. identify the main sources of raw materials as they apply to the knowledge of industrial chemistry;
    14. recognize the different types of polymers, especially those with biological importance;
    15. carry out collection, evaluation, and interpretation of experimental data, as well as exercise proper handling and disposal of chemicals in a safe and environmentally responsible manner;
    16. use appropriate reference books in the library related to the field of chemistry, such as the Handbook of Chemistry and the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics; and
    17. work as a member of a team in solving classroom and laboratory problems.
  3. Assessment Methods for Course Learning Goals

    Course learning goals will be continuously assessed by: periodic written examinations, class exercises, laboratory preparation, laboratory results, laboratory reports, and assigned work.
  4. Reference, Resource, or Learning Materials to be used by Student:

    The student will use approved text, laboratory modules and handouts, laboratory and demonstration equipment, the library, science learning center, and computer programs. Please refer to the course syllabus for specific information.

Review/Approval Date - 2/99; Revised 6/08; New Core 8/2015